Envriomental Issues Affect All Our Futures

There are many varieties of life on earth. The variety is often referred to as biological diversity and includes; plants, animals, microorganisms, the large diversity of genes in species, deserts, rainforest and coral reefs. It will take appropriate strategies to maintain these important natural cultures in our world.

Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where all species have an important role to play. This includes having a larger number of plant species so we are able to produce a larger variety of crops. When the biodiversity is strong it will support life in all forms and also enable life to recover easier from a variety of disasters. When biodiversity declines it is a concern for many reasons that will affect everyone.

Diversity in Wildlife

There is a decline in the world’s largest carnivores; lions, leopards, bears and wolves. The reason for this decline is due to lose of habitats and hunting by humans. These large carnivores have an important role in the ecosystem biodiversity. With the loss of a large carnivore means their prey will now increase which could result in the deterioration of the surrounding environment as they will now graze more freely and deplete various vegetation varieties.

The importance of the bee

Bees are responsible for the fruits and vegetables we all enjoy every day. It is estimated one third of all food would not exist without the pollination done by the honeybee. They are the primary species that fertilizes food producing plants. In recent years there has been a dramatic reduction of the honeybee mostly caused by humans. There are approximately 130,000 different plants and trees that depend on the honeybee for pollination making them a vital role in biodiversity. The cause for their decline is suspected to be due to a combination of diseases, environmental pollution and environmental degradation.

Marine Ecosystem

The killing of whales has caused controversy among fishermen and environmentalists. The impact of reducing the whale population caused the killer whales to begin preying on younger whales and other animals like the seals. When the seal population declined they began targeting otters and the chain reaction of less otters caused urchins the otters targeted to flourish. The end result was fish larvae were able to grow which became easy pickings for sea life causing the decline in fishing and the fisherman’s livelihoods being destroyed.

There are clear cases where the ecosystems have inter-related issues and come together to cause an unhealthy environment. It is vital to our health and the health of our world we work to address the short comings we are creating in our economic systems.

 

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